Biology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers for Different Competitive Exams

Multiple Choice Questions on Research Methodology

1. The method that consists of collection of data through observation and experimentation, formulation and testing of hypothesis is calledMCQ bio
a) empirical method
b) scientific method
c) scientific information
d) practical knowledge
2. Information acquired by experience or experimentation is called as
a) empirical
b) scientific
c) facts
d) scientific evidences

3. “All living things are made up of cells
       Blue whale is a living being
      Therefore blue whale is made up of cells’
                  The reasoning used here is
a) inductive
b) deductive
c) both a and b
d) hypothetico-deductive

4. Who was the proponent of deductive method
a) Francis Bacon
b) Christian Huygenes
c) Aristotle
d) Issac Newton
5. The reasoning that uses general principle to predict specific results is called
a) inductive
b) deductive
c) both a and b
d) hypothetico-deductive
6. The reasoning that uses specific observations to construct general principles is
a) inductive
b) deductive
c) both a and b
d) hypothetico-deductive
7. Inductive method was first proposed by
a) Francis Bacon
b) Christian Huygenes
c) Aristotle
d) Issac Newton
8. The method that starts with formulation of hypothesis and testing of hypothesis in sequential steps where deduction applied is
a) inductive
b) deductive
c) both a and b
d) hypothetico-deductive
9. Who was the proponent of hypothetico deductive method
a) Francis Bacon
b) Christian Huygenes
c) Aristotle
d) Issac Newton
10. All research process starts with
a) hypothesis
b) experiments to test hypothesis
c) observation
d) all of these
11. The method of reasoning in which a conclusion is drawn from two statements is called
a) empiricism
b) inductive method
c) hypothesis
d) Syllogism
12. Which of the following is a theory data collection analysis method
a) inductive
b) deductive
c) both a and b
d) hypothetico-deductive
13. Inductive reasoning is
a) data collection analysis method
b) theory data collection analysis method
c) data collection method
d) both and b
14. Constructive method that is used for construction of scientific theories in maths and logic is a variant of
a) inductive
b) deductive
c) both a and b
d) hypothetico-deductive
15. “Human beings are made up of cells
Cats are made up of cells
Pinus is made up of cells
Ferns are made up of cells
Therefore all living beings up of cells’
The reasoning used here is
a) inductive
b) deductive
c) both a and b
d) hypothetico-deductive

Answers
1. b) scientific method
2. a) empirical
3. b) deductiv
4. c) Aristotle
5. b) deductive
6. a) inductive
7. a) Francis Bacon
8. d) hypothetico-deductive
9. b) Christian Huygenes
10. c) observation
11. d) Syllogism
12. b) deductive
13. a) data collection analysis method
14. b) deductive
15. a) inductive
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