MCQ on Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine or Chemistry

1. Kornberg with Ochoa received Nobel Prize for the work of

A) Mechanism of biological synthesis of DNA and RNA

B) Co linearity hypothesis

C) Central dogma

D) Artificial synthesis of Protein


2. The Nobel prize in chemistry 2009 was awarded to Venkataraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas A Steitz and Ada E. Yonath for

A) Determining the detailed structure and mechanism of the ribosome

B) for cell signaling

C) for cell wall composition

D)Protein  structure


3. Howard Florey and Ernst Chain’s contribution was:

A) Discovery of Streptokinase

B) Discovery of DNA

C) Isolating the bacterial plasmid

D) Establishing the potential of penicillin as an effective antibiotic


4. CRISPR CAS 9, which won the 2020 Nobel Prize is a

A) Gene Editing Technique

B) Gene Therapy

C) Gene Transfer Tool

D) RNA Interference Tool


5. The Nobel Prize 2020 winners for Chemistry

Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna -MCQ on Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine  or Chemistry

A) Louise Gluck, Roger Penrose

B) Paul R. Milgrom and Robert B. Wilson

C) Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna

D) Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez

6. Venketraman Ramakrishnan has got Nobel Prize for the detailed mapping of 

A) small subunit of the ribosome from Thermos thermophilus 

B) Large ribosomal subunit of the ribosome of Geobacillus tearothermophilus

C) Large subunit of Pyrococcus abyssi

D) Small subunit of ribosome of Pyrodictium occultum

7. Andrew Fire and Craig Mello got  Nobel Prize in Medicine for 

A) PCR

B) GFP

C) RNA interference

D) Protein sequencing 

8. In 1993 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for the discovery of  gene splicing was awarded to 

A) Philip Allen Sharp and Richard J Roberts

B) Elizabeth H Blackburn and Carol W Greider

C) Mario Capecchi, Martin Evans and Oliver Smithies

D) Selman Waksman and Alberts Schtz 

9. Who was awarded Nobel prize for the discovery of Streptomycin?

A) Selman A Waksman

B) Paul Ehrlich

C) Eile Metchnikoff

D) Sergei N Winogradsky


Learn more: Topic-wise Biology MCQ

Answers:

1. A) Mechanism of biological synthesis of DNA and RNA

2. A) Determining the detailed structure and mechanism of the ribosome

3. D) Establishing the potential of penicillin as an effective antibiotic

4. A) Gene Editing Technique

5. C) Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna

6. A) small subunit of the ribosome from Thermos thermophilus 

7. C) RNA interference

8. A) Philip Allen Sharp and Richard J Roberts

9. A) Selman A Waksman

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