Multiple Choice Questions on Plant Taxonomy | Plant Family Characteristics

 1. Match the following:

 List 1                               List 2 

 a) Verticellaster          1. Solanum nigrum 

 b) Hypanthodium       2. Leucas aspera 

 c) Coenanthium         3. Dorstenia 

 d) Rhipidium              4. Ficus 

A) a-3, b-2, c-1, d -4 

B) a-1, b-2, c -4, d -3 

C) a -2, b-4, c -3, d-1

D) a-2, b -3, c -1, d -4

2. Obdiplostemonous stamen is the characteristic feature of the family: 

A) Caesalpineaceae 

B) Rutaceae 

C) Anacardiaceae 

D) Apocynaceae

3. Which among the following is an Eponym ?

A) Oryza malampuzhensis

B) Rotala vasudevanii

C) Alternanthera sessilis

D) Narcissus pseudonarcissus

MCQ on Plant Taxonomy - Family Characteristics

4. Which among the following trait can be considered as a synapomorphy for eudicots ?

A)Two Cotyledons

B)Tricolpate Pollen

C)Reticulate Venation

D)Vascular Bundles arranged in a ring


5. Which of these plants NOT belonging to the family Amaranthaceae (APG) ?






6. In the families listed below 2 are closely related by phylogenetic terms.

I. Caryophyllaceae

II. Malvaceae

III. Capparidaceae

IV. Amaranthaceae

Which are they ?

A)II and III

B)III and IV

C)IV and I

D)I and III

7. Which is NOT an accepted Acronym ?






8. Match the following:

   List 1                                           List 2

 a) Cinnamomum verum           1. Simaroubaceae

 b) Wateria indica                       2. Lythraceae 

 c) Ailanthus altissima                3. Lauraceae 

 d) Lawsonia inermis                  4. Dipterocarpaceae 

A) a-3, b -4, c -1, d -2 

B) a -2, b -4, c-1, d-3

C) a-4, b -3, c-1, d-2

D) a -1, b -2, c -3, d-4 

9. Inflorescences are distinguished by branching. Identify the characteristic inflorescence in Solanum species:

A) Amentum B) Drepanium C) Bostryx D) Rhipidium

10. Identify the family that shows the characters such as fleshy leaves, hairy or scarious stipulate, unilocular ovary with 2 to many campylotropous ovules on a basal central placenta with 2-5 styled condition

  • A) Brassicaceae
B) Portulaceaceae
C) Amaranthaceae
D) Polygalaceae

Learn more:


1. C) a -2, b-4, c -3, d-1

2. B) Rutaceae 

3. B)Rotala vasudevanii

4. B)Tricolpate Pollen

5. D)Cerastium

6. C)IV and I

7. D)MOU

8. A) a-3, b -4, c -1, d -2 

9. D) Rhipidium

10. B) Portulaceaceae

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