MCQ on Biodiversity and In-situ and Ex situ Conservation | Environmental Science MCQ

1. MAB program stands for
a) Man and biotechnology
b) Material and biology
c) Man and Biology
d) Man and Biosphere
2. Red data book contains data of
Red Data Book
a) all plant species
b) all animal species
c) economically important species
d) threatened species
3. IUCN (The International Union For Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources) headquarters is at
a) Morges, Switzerland
b) Paris, France
c) Vienna, Austria
d)NewYork, USA
4. IUCN is also called as
a) Man and Biosphere program
b) World Conservation Union
c) World Conservation Consortium
d) World Wide Conservation Union
5. Which of the following region has maximum diversity
a) mangrooves
b) temperate rainforest
c) taiga
d)coral reefs
6. Approximately, 50% of total world species are present on
a) tropical rain forest
b) temperate rain forest
c) temperate deciduous forest
d) coral reefs
7. Biodiversity
a) increases towards the equator
b) decreases towards the equator
c) remains same throughout the planet
d) has no effect on change in latitude
8. The most important reason for decrease in biodiversity is
a) habitat pollution
b) introduction of exotic species
c) over-exploitation
d) habitat destruction
9. Dodo is
a) endangered
b) critically endangered
c) rare
d) extinct
10. Blue whale is placed under
a) endangered
b) critically endangered
c) rare
d) extinct
11. Conservation within the natural habitat is
a) Insitu conservation
b) Exsitu conservation
c) invivo conservation
d)exvivo conservation
12. All are In-situ conservation efforts except
a) National parks
b) Sanctuaries
c) Zoo
d) biosphere reserves
13. Ex situ conservation includes
a) Zoo
b) Botanic garden
c) Germplasm bank
d) all of the above
14. Hot spots are regions of high
a) rarity
b) endemism
c) critically endangered population
d) diversity
15. Endemic species are
a) rare species
b) species localized in a specific region
c) cosmopolitan in distribution
d) critically endangered species

16. Which of the following is an ex-situ conservation method for endangered species?

a) Cryopreservation    b) Biosphere reserves  c) Wildlife sanctuaries   d) National parks

17 . One of the following steps is not involved in cryopreservation

a) Air-drying  b) Slow freezing c) Encapsulation d) Shadow casting 

More Ecology MCQs


1. d) Man and Biosphere
2. d) threatened species
3. a) Morges, Switzerland
4. b) World Conservation Union
5. d)coral reefs
6. a) tropical rain forest
7. a) increases towards the equator
8. d) habitat destruction
9. d) extinct
10. a) endangered
11. a) Insitu conservation
12. c) Zoo
13. d) all of the above
14. b) endemism
15. b) species localized in a specific region 
16. a) Cryopreservation
17. d) Shadow casting 
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